The Bina program is a state-building program that was launched to support fragile and conflict-affected countries by the Libyan Program for Reintegration and Development (LPRD), the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) and the Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRIC). The main goal was to help Libya and its people overcome the challenges they face in building a new strong, prosperous country. The program was initiated after consulting Libyan, Turkish, international experts, think tanks and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC). They all suggested that one of the main efforts should be a research project into the three main areas Libya needs most to work on: Security Sector Reform (SSR), Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) and Public Administration Reform (PAR). It would analyze the fragility of the state institutions and challenges to rebuilding the new Libya and then put forward a set of solutions for Libyans to implement. The first study focused on SSR because of its importance to stabilizing, securing and building peace in Libya. Libyan researchers and practitioners provided local facts and built their capacity by engaging with Turkish and other international experts to benefit from their experiences. This model had its managerial challenges 12 / FOREWORD but proved to be rich in expertise and in providing accurate analysis and practical solutions to the Libyan case. Adopting a holistic approach, the project examined the current status of the entire Libyan security sector including the police/interior forces, the intelligence agencies, the military and the armed groups that were formed after the Libyan revolution in 2011. After more than nine months of hard work that included many workshops and interviews with Libyan practitioners, officials and experts; the mission of analyzing and proposing solutions to reforming the security sector in Libya has been accomplished. The next very important phase will be to disseminate the research findings and solutions to the Libyan public and decision makers. This task is no less important than the research itself since the main goal is to help Libyans rebuild their institutions through a clear roadmap and solutions that can and shall be implemented with the will of the people and the decision makers. We shall launch a series of forums, workshops and events with Libyan ministries, civil society and the general public to raise awareness on the importance of SSR and to discuss the solutions proposed by our research. BINA program shall continue its efforts to support Libyans in their state-building endeavor with a firm belief that they will reach their goal in creating a secure, stable, strong and prosperous Libya for all its citizens. Last but not least, I must with all sincerely thank and congratulate each person who participated in putting together this valuable research including the partners behind this work: SESRIC, IsDB, LPRD and SETA.

Mustafa Elsagezli
General Manager